Sunday, October 16, 2016

Eating Seeds

Seeds 

I was thinking about doing a challenge this week featuring healthy oils but the more research I did the more confusing and contradictory the information was.  As I thought about that I concluded that we are generally safest in our eating choices when we just stick with the food as God has provided it for us. Rather than using Sesame oil, eat the sesame seeds, Rather than cooking with sunflower oil eat the sunflower seeds etc. etc. I think in many cases we don't fully know the specific details concerning how all the parts of a fruit, vegetables, nuts and seeds work together so that the nutrients can best be absorbed and utilized by our bodies. So as much as possible it’s best to consume them in their freshest whole form. 

This week we are going to focus on seeds.  Seeds may be tiny, but they're packed with nutrients like protein, fibre, iron, vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids.  So yes our challenge will involve eating at least 1 tablespoon of healthy seeds every day this week!  I would prefer you eat a different seed every day but I understand if they aren’t accessible to you. I recommend going to a store like Whole Foods or Winco where you can buy just a tiny scoop of several types of seeds.  The cheapest place to buy Chia, Hemp hearts and quinoa is Costco but of course it comes in a huge portion!  (Note it’s fine to include seeds not on this list. )

Here are eight mighty seeds to try in your diet

1. Chia seeds
Ready for a healthy surprise? The seeds famously celebrated in the ‘ch-ch-chia’ pets TV commercial pack a huge nutritional punch. Chia seeds – particularly the Salba variety - are high in iron, folate, calcium, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids and soluble fibre. “Iron and folate are both essential nutrients needed for health,” says Remmer. The calcium and magnesium promote bone and dental health, while the omega-3s help your heart by lowering triglycerides – the bad fats in your blood that can cause coronary artery disease. “The soluble fibre helps decrease cholesterol, stabilizes blood sugar levels and helps you feel fuller longer,” says Remmer.

How to use them: Never eat the seeds that come with a chia pet. Instead, purchase fresh seeds from a health food store. Simply add them to a smoothie, yogurt, cereal, muffin recipes or sprinkle on a salad. Chia seeds are also gluten free. Note I have even made instant jelly with Chia seeds and it was delicious. Google a recipe if you want to try it! 

2. Hemp seeds or hearts
“Hemp seeds are very nutritious and a great source of complete protein,” says Remmer. “They have lots of fibre that helps with gastrointestinal and heart health.” Hemp seeds promote healthy hair and skin growth thanks to their omega-3 and 6 fatty acid content. Omega-3s also reduce inflammation and boost brain and cardiovascular health. Plus, hemp seeds contain phytosterols, plant-based compounds that help lower cholesterol levels. But don’t be worried about hemp’s relation to marijuana. While they’re both members of the cannabis family, hemp doesn’t contain THC, marijuana’s active ingredient, so you can’t become high from consuming hemp seeds.

Hemp seeds and their oil are both rich in heart healthy polyunsaturated fats. Use them in salads and smoothies. The seeds are also ideal for baked goods, shakes, yogurt and cereal. They’re gluten-free too. I love them- they taste like chopped nuts. 

3. Pumpkin seeds
Pumpkin seeds, also known as Pepitas, are a tasty source of B vitamins, iron, magnesium, zinc and protein. The protein in pumpkin seeds is highly concentrated in an amino acid called Tryptophan, which helps lower anxiety levels. For this reason, they have been used to treat some anxiety disorders. Pumpkin seeds also have high levels of essential fatty acids that help keep our blood vessels healthy and lower bad cholesterol. 

How to use them: Raw or roasted pumpkin seeds make a healthy snack, or you can use them in baking, cooking, as a soup garnish, and in homemade trail mix or granola. Pumpkin seed oil makes a healthy addition to salad dressings, and dips, however, it’s unadvisable to cook with pumpkin seed oil as heat can destroy its nutritional properties.

4. Sunflower seeds
Sunflower seeds are an excellent source of B vitamins including folate, which helps to support healthy pregnancy and promotes a healthy immune system. They’re also an excellent source of Vitamin E - an antioxidant that protects your cells from damage, helps maintain healthy hair and skin, and may help to prevent cancer. These multitasking seeds are also rich in protein and heart-healthy fats. 

How to use them: Sunflower seeds can be eaten by themselves, or in cookie or muffin recipes. Add them to salads, stir-fries and trail mix. 

5. Flax seeds
Flax seeds are bursting with nutritional benefits. A great source of soluble fibre, flax helps lower cholesterol, makes you feel fuller longer and aids in stabilizing blood sugar levels. Flax seeds are also packed with omega-3 fatty acid, so they’re beneficial to eye and brain health, and can help lower triglycerides in the blood. Flaxseeds are also high in lignans (plant-based phytoestrogens). Studies have shown that lignans may help prevent certain cancers.

How to use them: Flax seed shells are hard, so it’s important to grind the seeds in a blender or coffee grinder before eating them. If you don’t, the seeds can pass through your body undigested, hindering the absorption of the seeds’ valuable omega-3 content. Coarse or finely ground flax seeds can be added to smoothies, shakes, yogurt, oatmeal, cereal, casseroles and baking. Ground flax seed should be kept in an airtight container in your refrigerator. Costco sells flax seed pre-ground but I prefer grinding them at home so the nutrients are protected until you ingest them. I have a small coffee grinder I bought on Amazon just for flax seeds. 

6. Wheat germ

Wheat germ is the nutritional powerhouse of the wheat kernel. It’s loaded with protein, iron and B vitamins such as folate, plus its high fibre content helps prevent constipation and keeps your appetite in check. It’s very low on the glycemic index meaning that it doesn't cause a blood-sugar spike. [You stay] fuller longer.

How to use it: Wheat germ makes a great addition to smoothies, hot cereals, baking and cooking recipes. Be sure to store raw wheat germ properly. Its healthy polyunsaturated fats can quickly turn rancid. It is recommended to keep wheat germ in a tightly sealed container in the freezer for optimum freshness. (Note I keep ALL of my seeds an nuts in the freezer or refrigerator) 

7. Sesame seeds

Not only are sesame seeds an excellent source of copper and a very good source of manganese, but they are also a good source of calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B1, zinc, molybdenum, selenium, and dietary fiber.  

How to use it: Sesame seeds add a nutty taste and a delicate, almost invisible, crunch to many dishes. They are also the main ingredients in tahini (sesame seed paste) and the wonderful Middle Eastern sweet call halvah. They are available throughout the year

8. Quinoa (pronounced “keenwah”)

Quinoa is a seed that is harvested from a species of a plant called goosefoot. It is officially a seed and part of a group of pseudocereals, making it neither a cereal nor a grain, and more closely related to spinach and beets than to cereals or grains.

How to use it: Use quinoa just as you would any other grain, like rice or barley! It makes a fantastic side dish for almost any meal, especially if you cook it with broth instead of water and add a bay leaf to the pot. Quinoa can also be used in casseroles, breakfast porridges, and salads. I have loved EVERY recipe I have tried with Quinoa. It's yum! 

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